Skip to main content


	title        = {All that glitters . . .  : 
Interannotator agreement in natural language processing},
	abstract     = {Evaluation has emerged as a central concern in natural language processing (NLP) over the last few decades. Evaluation is done against a gold standard, a manually linguistically annotated dataset, which is assumed to provide the ground truth against which the accuracy of the NLP system can be assessed automatically. In this article, some methodological questions in connection with the creation of gold standard datasets are discussed, in particular (non-)expectations of linguistic expertise in annotators and the interannotator agreement measure standardly but unreflectedly used as a kind of quality index of NLP gold standards.},
	journal      = {Nordlyd},
	author       = {Borin, Lars},
	year         = {2022},
	volume       = {46},
	number       = {1},
	pages        = {19--26},