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	title        = {Readability, suitability and comprehensibility in patient education materials for Swedish patients with colorectal cancer undergoing elective surgery: A mixed method design.},
	abstract     = {To characterize education materials provided to patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery to gain a better understanding of how to design readable, suitable, comprehensible materials.},
	journal      = {Patient education and counseling},
	author       = {Smith, Frida and Carlsson, Eva and Kokkinakis, Dimitrios and Forsberg, Markus and Kodeda, Karl and Sawatzky, Richard and Friberg, Febe and Öhlén, Joakim},
	year         = {2014},
	volume       = {94},
	number       = {2},
	pages        = {202–209},

	title        = {A Graph-Based Analysis of Medical Queries of a Swedish Health Care Portal},
	abstract     = {Today web portals play an increasingly important role in health care allowing information seekers to learn about diseases and treatments, and to administrate their care. Therefore, it is important that the portals are able to support this process as well as possible. In this paper, we
study the search logs of a public Swedish health portal to address the questions if health information seeking differs from other types of Internet search and if there is a potential for utilizing network analysis methods in combination with semantic annotation to gain insights into search behaviors. Using a semantic-based method and a graph-based analysis of word cooccurrences in queries, we show there is an overlap among the results indicating a potential role of these types of methods to gain insights and facilitate improved information search. In addition we show that samples, windows of a month, of search logs may be sufficient to obtain similar results as using larger windows. We also show that medical queries share the same
structural properties found for other types of information searches, thereby indicating an ability to reuse existing analysis methods for this type of search data.},
	booktitle    = {The Fifth International Workshop on Health Text Mining and Information Analysis (Louhi)},
	author       = {Moradi, Farnaz and Eklund, Ann-Marie and Kokkinakis, Dimitrios and Olovsson, Tomas and Tsigas, Philippas},
	year         = {2014},
	ISBN         = {978-1-937284-90-9},
	pages        = {2--10},

	title        = {Legitimating the visit - a recurrent challenge among patients with medically unexplained symptoms},
	abstract     = {The doctor’s evaluation of presented symptoms as doctorable, is a legitimation of the patient’s decision to seek medical care. It is also a confirmation of the rational, and even the moral, status of the patient, since consulting a doctor without good reasons is  considered irrational.

The analysis focuses on how patients take initiatives to present problems and on the doctors’ responses and evaluations regarding the doctorability. Situations where participants seem to have different views of the doctorability of the problems are examined in relation to conversational practices and social actions.

The analyses shows that the doctor as well as the patient orients to the potential doctorability of the problems and to the moral challenges related to it, but that their different expectations and roles lead to communicatively unclear situations.

Further analyses will illustrate in what ways the MUS-patients’ recurrent challenge of legitimating their visits could be influenced by the interaction, and hence in what ways conscious conversational practices from the care givers might facilitate these situations.},
	booktitle    = {Conference on Communication, Medicine and Ethics (COMET), Lugano, 26-28 June 2014},
	author       = {Grahn, Inga-Lill and Kokkinakis, Dimitrios},
	year         = {2014},

	title        = {Swedish FrameNet++ The Beginning of the End and the End of the Beginning},
	booktitle    = {Proceedings of the Fifth Swedish Language Technology Conference, Uppsala, 13-14 November 2014},
	author       = {Ahlberg, Malin and Borin, Lars and Dannélls, Dana and Forsberg, Markus and Toporowska Gronostaj, Maria and Friberg Heppin, Karin and Johansson, Richard and Kokkinakis, Dimitrios and Olsson, Leif-Jöran and Uppström, Jonatan},
	year         = {2014},

	title        = {A corpus-based approach to the identification of non-literal language in a medical setting.},
	abstract     = {Automated processing of clinical texts is commonly faced with various less exposed, and not
so regularly discussed linguistically complex problems that need to be addressed. One of these issues
concerns the usage of figurative language. Figurative language implies the use of words that
go beyond their ordinary meaning, a linguistically complex and challenging problem and also a
problem that causes great difficulty for the field of natural language processing (NLP). The problem
is equally prevalent in both general language and also in various sublanguages, such as clinical
medicine. Therefore we believe that a comprehensive model of e.g. clinical language processing
needs to account for figurative language usage, and this paper provides a description, and preliminary
results towards this goal. Since the empirical, clinical data used in the study is limited in size,
there is no formal distinction made between different sub-classifications of figurative language. e.g.,
metaphors, idioms or simile. We illustrate several types of figurative expressions in the clinical discourse
and apply a rather quantitative and corpus-based level analysis. The main research questions
that this paper asks are whether there are traces of figurative language (or at least a subset of such
types) in patient-doctor and patient-nurse interactions, how can they be found in a convenient way
and whether these are transferred in the electronic health records and to what degree.},
	booktitle    = {Proceedings of the Conference on Communication, Medicine and Ethics (COMET), Lugano, 26-28 June 2014},
	author       = {Kokkinakis, Dimitrios and Grahn, Inga-Lill},
	year         = {2014},
	pages        = {1},

	title        = {HFST-SweNER . A New NER Resource for Swedish},
	abstract     = {Named entity recognition (NER) is a knowledge-intensive information extraction task that is used for recognizing textual mentions of entities that belong to a predefined set of categories, such as locations, organizations and time expressions. NER is a challenging, difficult, yet essential preprocessing technology for many natural language processing applications, and particularly crucial for language understanding. NER has been actively explored in academia and in industry especially during the last years due to the advent of social media data. This paper describes the conversion, modeling and adaptation of a Swedish NER system from a hybrid environment, with integrated functionality from various processing components, to the Helsinki Finite-State Transducer Technology (HFST) platform. This new HFST-based NER (HFST-SweNER) is a full-fledged open source implementation that supports a variety of generic named entity types and consists of multiple, reusable resource layers, e.g., various n-gram-based named entity lists (gazetteers).},
	booktitle    = {Proceedings of the 9th edition of the Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC), Reykjavik 26 - 31 May 2014.},
	author       = {Kokkinakis, Dimitrios and Niemi, Jyrki and hardwick, sam and Lindén, Krister and Borin, Lars},
	year         = {2014},
	ISBN         = {978-2-9517408-8-4},
	pages        = {2537--2543},

	title        = {Vocation Identification in Swedish Fiction. },
	abstract     = {This paper presents a system for automatic annotation of vocational signals in 19th century Swedish prose fiction. Besides vocation identification, the system assigns gender (male, female, unknown) to the vocation words. Since gender is a prominent attribute of first names, we apply a named-entity recognizer (NER) that uses first name gazetteers where each name has been pre-assigned gender, which aids gender assignment to vocations with unknown gender if appropriate context is available. We also use a statistical modelling method, conditional random fields (CRF), for learning gender-assigned vocations in combination with the results of the NER and other pattern matching techniques. The purpose of this work is to develop and apply tools to literature as means to expand our understanding of history in the area of literature-based gender studies, e.g. investigate how women enter literature, which functions do they assume and their working patterns. Vocation identification can be used as one such indicator for achieving some these goals.},
	booktitle    = {Proceedings of the Fifth Swedish Language Technology Conference (SLTC)},
	author       = {Kokkinakis, Dimitrios and Ighe, Ann and Malm, Mats},
	year         = {2014},
	pages        = {3},

	title        = {Semantics in Storytelling in Swedish Fiction},
	abstract     = {In this paper, we aim to define foundations and research questions
for future large scale exploration of various types of semantic
relationships in literature, namely Swedish prose fiction. More
specifically, we are interested to get an in-depth understanding of
storytelling in Swedish fiction by analyzing and mining the
narrative discourse in a small sample of such data, focusing on
interpersonal relationships and answering various questions such
as how to recognize and assess gender patterns. Our intention is to
apply our findings into a much larger scale in the near future in
order to obtain useful insights about the social relations,
structures, behavior and everyday life of characters found in
literary works, thus enhancing the use of prose fiction as a source
for research within the humanities and social sciences. Our work
is inspired by the notions of distant reading and macroanalysis, a
relatively new and often contested paradigm of literary research.
In order to achieve our goal we strive for a combination of natural
language processing techniques and simple visualizations that
allow the user to rapidly focus on key areas of interest and provide
the ability to discover latent semantic patterns and structures. 
	booktitle    = {Proceedings of the Digital Access to textual Cultural Heritage (DATeCH).},
	author       = {Kokkinakis, Dimitrios and Malm, Mats and Bergenmar, Jenny and Ighe, Ann},
	year         = {2014},
	ISBN         = {978-1-4503-2588-2},
	pages        = {6},